Subjects of Software Engineering in Pakistan & Career Options

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In this post, we are going to discuss the subjects of software engineering, scope of software engineering and career direction along with its benefits. But first of all, we need to know what it is. Software engineering is a degree qualification specified for those individuals who want to work in technology/software-oriented stuff and learn about it.

Subjects of Software Engineering in Pakistan Post contains

Knowledge of system, software engineering elective subjects, and prior knowledge in computer science and programming languages like Java, C/C++/dot net is considered mandatory for achieving this degree.

Moreover, it aims to teach individuals about computer science, knowledge of software and its applications and prepare them to analyze, design, develop, maintain and remove bugs for particular software.

When we talk about the associate degree, it normally takes only 2 years to complete, but a little bit more training is required for software engineer job positions, and also it demands experience. Therefore it is recommended to go for the 4 years degree rather than the associate one, as it is considered more valuable for job hiring.

Useful Information related to Software Engineering

The bachelors program in software engineering heavily draws from computer sciences, but differs on the basis of having managerial and business components included in it. In this degree program, students are taught about how to build and maintain computer software that meets a high quality and standard, and can be delivered within a defined time-limit.

The purpose of this degree is to develop problem-solving abilities in students. Students learn new concepts, and apply these concepts in their programming courses by solving various tasks and developing numerous software applications.

There are some tasks that require completion of a research project. This degree   requires high merit for admission in a well-recognized institution. Applicants must have a high school diploma or GED and they also need scores from the SAT or ACT.

Also, it is recommended for potential students to take advanced courses in computer science and mathematics.

Main Requirements of Software Engineering

The software engineering degree program focuses on various programming techniques, information technology and computer science. There may be some side subjects too. Main subjects of software engineering degree program include:

  • Computer science and mathematical fundamentals
  • Techniques and tools of advanced programming
  • Software specification and design
  • Software engineering foundations
  • Computer and human interaction
  • Database management

Career Options After Studying Software Engineering

Graduates can work in various roles after studying software engineering roles. Some examples of career outcomes include:

  • Software developer
  • Applications software engineer
  • Computer Systems software engineer
  • Software Quality Assurance engineer

Let’s talk about a few of these to have an idea about the roles and responsibilities of a software engineer.

Software Developer

These are the creative-minded people that are the manufacturers of computer programs. They design, code and implement their ideas, and develop useful applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device.

While many of them also develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks. They think of an idea, and implement it through coding just to develop useful applications for users.

Not only this, they are in charge of the entire development process for a software program and control every phase of it. They start by defining customer requirements and making them clear. Then they design the program and give instructions to programmers, who in turn write computer code and test it carefully, removing every single bug from it that creates problems in the program.

Software developers go back to the design process to fix the problems or improve the program if the program does not work up to expectations or if testers find it too difficult to use.  After the end program is released to the customer or target user, a developer is supposed to provide upgrades and maintenance too, upon demand. Moreover, they work closely with computer programmers. Also, in some companies, they write code themselves instead of giving instructions to the programmers.

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Duties

Duties expected from Software developers include:

  • To analyze users’ needs and then design, test, and develop software to meet those needs
  • To recommend software upgrades for customers’ existing programs and systems
  • To design each piece of an application or a system and plan how the pieces will work together
  • To create a variety of models and diagrams (such as flowcharts) that instruct programmers how to write software code
  • To ensure that a program continues to function normally through software maintenance and testing
  • To document every aspect of an application or a system as a reference for future maintenance and upgrades
  • To collaborate with other computer specialists to create optimum software

Types of Software Developers

There are two types of software developers which are as follows:

Applications Software Developers

They are supposed to design computer applications, such as word processors and games, for target users. They may also create custom software for a specific customer or commercial software to be sold to the public.

Some applications they create include complex databases for organizations. Moreover, they also create programs that people use over the Internet and within a company’s defined boundaries.

Systems Software Developers

They create the systems that ensure the proper functioning of computers. These include operating systems for computers that is purchased by general public or systems built specifically designed for an organization.

They also build system’s interface which allows users to interact with the computer, and operating systems that control most of the consumer electronics.

Computer Software Engineer

These are engineers that apply the laws, principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, its applications and mathematical analysis to the design, development, testing, debugging and evaluation of the software. They also apply this knowledge to the systems that enable computers to perform their many applications.

They are particularly involved in the design and development of many types of software, including software for operating systems and network distribution, and software for compilers. With respect to programming, or coding, software engineers instruct a computer, execute it line by line, how to perform a desired function. One thing to mention here is that they must be eligible, capable and should possess strong programming skills, knowledge of developing algorithms and capability of analyzing and solving programming problems with efficiency.

Firstly they are supposed to analyze and understand the needs, requirements and expectations of the user, and understand them clearly without any confusion. Following it, they design, construct, test, and maintain computer applications software or systems to meet these needs.

Computer Applications Software Engineers 

Their function is to analyze user needs and design, and then construct and maintain general computer applications software or special utility programs in accordance to it.

They have a vast knowledge of different programming languages, and they utilize this knowledge frequently, depending on the purpose of the program. The most commonly used programming languages are C, C++, and Java. FORTRAN and COBOL are less frequently used programming languages. Also, some software engineers develop both packaged systems and systems software, or create customized applications

Computer Systems Software Engineers
They are supposed to coordinate and contribute in the construction and maintenance of a company’s computer systems and plan their future growth. In accordance to it, they particularly coordinate in computer needs of every department, including ordering, inventory, billing, and payroll recordkeeping. Also, they make suggestions about the appropriate technical direction and set up the company’s intranets that link computers within the organization and provide ease in communication in various departments.

In their working career, they work for various companies that configure, implement, and install complete computer systems. Also they may be members of the marketing or sales staff, serving as the primary technical resource for sales workers and customers, and may also be involved with technical support to the company’s customers.

They also help to explain the requirements that are needed for installing and operating the new system in the purchaser’s computing environment. One of their major responsibilities include ensuring a proper level of security across the systems which they are configuring.

List of Subjects of Software Engineering

After completing their bachelor degree in software engineering, it’s up to the students to either opt for job or continue their studies further by entering into the master field or doctoral degree in software engineering.

These degrees are research-based, which prepare graduates for upper-level managerial roles with computer software design corporations or as university instructors and professors.

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This degree program teaches computer science and advanced programming techniques.

The list of subjects of software engineering is shown below:

Part (A) – Compulsory

Year 1

Course Code Units Course Title
ENGG1100 2 Engineering Design
ENGG1200 2 Engineering Modelling & Problem Solving
ENGG1211 4 Engineering Design, Modelling & Problem Solving
Course Code Units Course Title
CSSE1001 2 Introduction to Software Engineering
ENGG1300 2 Introduction to Electrical Systems
MATH1051 2 Calculus & Linear Algebra
 Or
 MATH1071 2 Advanced Calculus & Linear Algebra
 MATH1052 2 Calculus and Differential Equations
 Or
 MATH1072 2 Advanced Multivariate Calculus & Ordinary Differential Equations

Year 1 or Year 2, Semester 1

 

Course Code

Units Course Title
INFS1200 2 Introduction to Information Systems
MATH1061 2 Discrete Mathematics

Year 2, Semester 1

Course Code Units Course Title
CSSE2002 2 Programming in the Large
CSSE2010 2 Introduction to Computer Systems

Year 2, Semester 2

Course Code Units Course Title
COMP3506 2 Algorithms & Data Structures
CSSE2310 2 Computer Systems Principles and Programming
DECO2800 2 Design Computing Studio 2 – Testing & Evaluation
STAT2203 2 Probability Models and Data Analysis for Engineering

Year 3, Semester 1

Course Code Units Course Title
CSSE3002 2 The Software Process
DECO2500 2 Human-Computer Interaction
ENGG2800 2 Team Project I

Year 3, Semester 2

Course Code Units Course Title
ENGG3800 2 Team Project II

Year 4

Course Code Units Course Title
 ENGG4801 4 Thesis Project
 or
 ENGG4802 4 Thesis Project
 or
 ENGG4805 4 Thesis Project

Year 4, Semester 2

Course Code Units Course Title
ENGG4900 2 Professional Practice and the Business Environment

Part B Electives

Course Code Units Course Title
COMP3301 2 Operating Systems Architecture
COMP3702 2 Artificial Intelligence
COMP4403 2 Compilers and Interpreters
COMP4500 2 Advanced Algorithms & Data Structures
COMP4702 2 Machine Learning
COMS3000 2 Information Security
COMS3200 2 Computer Networks I
COMS4200 2 Computer Networks II
COMS4507 2 Advanced Computer and Network Security
COSC3000 2 Visualization, Computer Graphics & Data Analysis
COSC3500 2 High-Performance Computing
CSSE3010 2 Embedded Systems Design & Interfacing
CSSE3100 2 Reasoning About Programs
CSSE4004 2 Distributed Computing
CSSE4010 2 Digital System Design
CSSE4603 2 Models of Software Systems
DECO3500 2 Social & Mobile Computing
DECO1400 2 Introduction to Web Design
DECO4500 2 Advanced Human-Computer Interaction
INFS2200 2 Relational Database Systems
INFS3200 2 Advanced Database Systems
INFS3202 2 Web Information Systems

Part C Coverage Electives

Course Code Units Course Title
CSSE4011 2 Advanced Embedded Systems
ENGG4000 2 Introduction to Systems Engineering
ENGG4020 2 Systems Safety Engineering
ENGG4800 2 Project Management
INFS3204 2 Service-Oriented Architectures
INFS4203 2 Data Mining
INFS4205 2 Advanced Techniques for High Dimensional Data
MATH2000 2 Calculus & Linear Algebra II
 or
 MATH2001 2 Advanced Calculus and Linear Algebra II
MATH2010 1 Analysis of Ordinary Differential Equations

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Part D Minor Data Science
Note: non-compulsory courses may be prerequisites for some of these courses.

Group A

Course Code Units Course Title
INFS3200 2 Advanced Database Systems
STAT2004 2 Statistical Modelling & Analysis

Group B

Course Code Units Course Title
COMP4702 2 Machine Learning
COSC3000 2 Visualization, Computer Graphics & Data Analysis
INFS4203 2 Data Mining
STAT3001 2 Mathematical Statistics
STAT3003 2 Experimental Design
STAT3004 2 Probability Models & Stochastic Processes

Why should you study Software Engineering

In order to keep up to date with the programming languages and technological revolutions, if your interest is towards Information Technology side or software-oriented, then this is a must-to-study degree qualification. Its degree is considered of much importance and there are a lot of software houses in Pakistan that provide opportunity to these graduates to work as software engineers and provide their talent to benefit these software houses.

Not only this, the salary package of a software engineer is extremely good, which makes you think about it even more.

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